Chane v. District of Columbia

Central Union Mission operates an overnight shelter for homeless men in Washington, D.C.  As part of its program, the Mission proselytizes its homeless clients; homeless men may spend the night at the shelter and stay for lunch on Sundays only if they attend Christian church services--which are generally fundamentalist and evangelical--at the Mission’s chapel. Read more

Cain v. Horne

In 2006, the Arizona created a school-voucher program that provided funds to disabled and foster children to attend private schools, including religious schools. The plaintiffs filed suit in Arizona state court, alleging that the programs violated multiple provisions of the Arizona Constitution.

Although the trial court upheld the voucher program, the Court of Appeals ruled that the program violated the Arizona Constitution's Aid Clause, which prohibits government funding of religious groups. Read more

Jewish War Veterans of the United States of America, Inc. v. City of San Diego

In 1952, the City of San Diego authorized the Mt. Soledad Memorial Association to build a 43-foot-tall Latin cross on top of Mt. Soledad in La Jolla, California. In 1989, two Vietnam veterans from San Diego sued the City in federal court, claiming that the display of the cross on City property violated the United States and California constitutions. In 1991, the trial court ruled that the cross violated the California Constitution and ordered that the cross be removed from City property; the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the decision. Read more

Summers v. Adams

Challenge to South Carolina legislation creating a Christian-themed state license plate, bearing a large cross superimposed on a stained-glass window and the words “I Believe.”

Turner v. Fredericksburg

Challenge by member of Fredericksburg City Council, in Virginia, to Council policy requiring prayer at beginning of meetings to be nonsectarian, on the ground that the policy violated his First Amendment and equal-protection rights.

Pelphrey v. Cobb County

Challenging by residents of county in Georgia to the practice by two County Commissions of opening meetings with sectarian prayers.

Milwaukee Deputy Sheriffs Association v. Clarke

Challenge to practice of Milwaukee County Sheriff of inviting the Fellowship of Christian Centurions to make proselytizing presentations at mandatory meetings of the county's deputy sheriffs.

Joyner v. Forsyth County

For years, the Forsyth County Board of Supervisors invited local clergy to deliver sectarian prayers at Board meetings; most of the prayers were Christian. In March 2007, the plaintiffs Americans United and the ACLU of North Carolina challenged the Board’s prayer policy in federal court. In January 2010, the trial court ruled that the prayer policy was unconstitutional and had the effect of affiliating the County with Christianity. Read more

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