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Americans United opposes private school vouchers because they are a threat to public education and religious freedom.

Vouchers—whether disguised as a scholarship, tuition tax credit or an education savings account—primarily fund religious schools. This violates the fundamental principle that taxpayer funds should never pay for religious education.

In addition, vouchers don’t work: they don’t improve educational outcomes, they lack accountability and oversight, and they fund schools that discriminate. They don’t give parents a “choice,” but instead allow private schools to pick and choose students. And, at the same time, they divert public dollars from public schools.


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Types of Vouchers

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Federal Legislation

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Types of Vouchers


A Voucher By Any Other Name… Across the country lawmakers are introducing private school voucher bills that are disguised as something else. Although they may call them scholarships, tuition tax credits, education savings accounts, or portability provisions, these proposals are all really just private school voucher schemes. They all undermine public schools and divert money away from public schools to help private and religious schools.

  • Vouchers

A voucher (sometimes called a “scholarship”) is a handout of taxpayer dollars for private school tuition: The government writes a check sending taxpayer money to a private school.  

  • Tuition Tax Credits (TTCs)

TTCs are backdoor vouchers.  Under this scheme, individuals or corporations receive a tax credit in exchange for giving money to an intermediary organization, often called a “scholarship organization.” Then, the “scholarship organization” writes a check for tuition at a private school. In short, rather than collecting taxes and then giving a portion to a private school (a voucher), the government forgoes those tax dollars so long as they go to a private school (a TTC). The end is the same—money funneled to private schools and away from public schools.

  • Education Savings Accounts or Empowerment Scholarship Accounts (ESAs)

ESAs, like TTCs, are backdoor vouchers. Under the typical ESA proposal, when parents decide to send their children to private schools, withdrawing from public school, the state writes a check from the money allocated for educating those children in public school to an “education savings account.” Parents then use that taxpayer money to pay for private school tuition and thus taxpayer funds “follow the child” even when the child is not attending public school.

  • Title I Portability

Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is designed to provide extra funding to public schools serving students in areas with high concentrations of poverty. Title I “portability” are proposals to dismantle the existing program and turn it into a private school voucher: the money to help these public schools would instead “follow the child” to private schools. Some schemes would—initially—“follow the child” only to public schools, but even those programs would dilute the power of the funds and reduce their effectiveness. 

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State Legislation


Americans United has been fighting state legislation that would create or expand private school voucher and voucher-like programs for decades. Each year we oppose dozens of bills that would create vouchers, education savings accounts and tuition tax credits.


Federal Legislation
 

Americans United is a leader in the fight against federally funded private school voucher programs and serves as a co-chair of the National Coalition for Public Education (NCPE). NCPE is a coalition of more than 50 national organizations that support public schools and oppose private school vouchers. The coalition believes that public funds should go to public schools.

We have successfully fought nearly every attempt by Congress to create voucher programs. For example, in 2015, when Congress reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which is the law that governs the federally funded programs for K-12 education, we fought off several provisions that would have created federal voucher and voucher-like programs.

Nonetheless, over a decade ago, Congress forced the creation of a voucher program for the District of Columbia, which is the only federally funded voucher program in the country. Congress has continued to reauthorize it despite its clear failures—including four U.S. Department of Education studies showing that it does not improve academic achievement. We will continue to fight this program and point out its shortfalls.

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Litigation

 

Duncan v. Nevada

Nevada’s voucher program is the most extensive in the country, authorizing any child who has attended a Nevada public school for 100 days to receive a voucher that is worth approximately $5,000 and that is drawn from the state’s public-school account. Once their child has a voucher, parents can then use voucher funding to purchase religious education at religious private schools. Americans United, along with allied organizations, filed suit on behalf of several Nevada taxpayers who objected to this use of their tax money. We challenged the voucher law under the Nevada Constitution, which forbids using public money for a sectarian purpose.

 

Larue v. Douglas County School District

The Douglas County voucher program authorized 500 students to use state, per-pupil education funds, which had been earmarked for the public-school system, as vouchers to attend private religious schools. In 2011, Americans United filed a lawsuit on behalf of Colorado taxpayers to challenge the voucher program. In June 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled in our favor, holding that the program violates a provision of the Colorado Constitution that forbids using taxpayer funds to finance religious schools.

 

McCall v. Scott

Although the Florida Supreme Court struck down the state’s school-voucher program in 2006, the Florida legislature has also enacted a tax-credit program that accomplishes essentially the same ends: use public dollars to finance education at religious private schools. In 2014, Americans United filed suit against the tax-credit program, arguing that it violates provisions of the Florida constitution pertaining to public education and the funding of religion.

 

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Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Poorly Designed Case: Fallout From The Dover Decision

Fallout continues from U.S District Judge John E. Jones' Dec. 20 ruling striking down the teaching of "intelligent design" in Dover, Pa.

First off, a local newspaper, the York Daily Record, has suggested that some of the former school board members who voted to implement the policy may have lied on the witness stand and may be open to prosecution for perjury.

'Excellerated' Learning: Milwaukee's Voucher Scandal

Friends of public schools and church-state separation have long warned that voucher schemes will spell disaster. The evidence is growing that the prediction is right.

Earlier this year, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel published an investigative series that found alarming deficiencies in many of the religious and other private schools founded to take advantage of the state's voucher program. While some of the well-established private schools are doing a good job, a significant number of the new ones are outrageously inadequate.

Preferential Prayers: Federal Judge Halts Indiana Legislature's Sectarian Invocations

Indiana's House of Representatives is a forum for creating law, not for proselytizing.

It took a federal judge to remind that chamber's 100 members that their duties do not include advancing one religion over another.

On Nov. 30, U.S. District Judge David F. Hamilton ruled that in 2005, the Indiana House had opened its sessions with prayers devoted almost exclusively to Christianity. The judge's 60-page opinion was based on federal court precedent that holds state legislatures can include prayer in their proceedings, as long as they are nonsectarian.

Dover Residents, Beware!: You've Unleashed The Wrath Of Robertson

Televangelist Pat Robertson throughout his long career has provided a slew of remarkable and sometimes outrageous commentary. Inflammatory and bizarre meanderings are apart of his shtick.

His latest off-the-wall invective suggests that God is unhappy with Dover, Pa., citizens who voted out some school board members who had approved an anti-evolution policy for the town's schools.

The Kansas School Board: Flat-Earth Society?

Public school students were dealt a serious and troubling blow yesterday when the Kansas Board of Education approved a policy that undermines both church-state separation and the teaching of science.

By a 6-4 vote, the Board adopted highly controversial science standards that will affect the way science is taught in the state's public schools. The new standards promote the Religious Right-fueled myth that Darwin's theory of evolution is controversial among scientists and that there are other valid scientific theories available for students to consider.

Jay Sekulow's Gospel Of Greed

Legal Times reporter Tony Mauro has just written a fascinating and eye-opening piece about Jay Sekulow, TV preacher Pat Robertson's top lawyer.

Sekulow, an increasingly powerful ally of the Bush administration, has led the Religious Right's charge to remake the U.S. Constitution in the far right's image. Through his American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), Sekulow has worked assiduously to erode the wall of separation between church and state and bring religion and government closer together.

Pages

Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Poorly Designed Case: Fallout From The Dover Decision

Fallout continues from U.S District Judge John E. Jones' Dec. 20 ruling striking down the teaching of "intelligent design" in Dover, Pa.

First off, a local newspaper, the York Daily Record, has suggested that some of the former school board members who voted to implement the policy may have lied on the witness stand and may be open to prosecution for perjury.

'Excellerated' Learning: Milwaukee's Voucher Scandal

Friends of public schools and church-state separation have long warned that voucher schemes will spell disaster. The evidence is growing that the prediction is right.

Earlier this year, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel published an investigative series that found alarming deficiencies in many of the religious and other private schools founded to take advantage of the state's voucher program. While some of the well-established private schools are doing a good job, a significant number of the new ones are outrageously inadequate.

Preferential Prayers: Federal Judge Halts Indiana Legislature's Sectarian Invocations

Indiana's House of Representatives is a forum for creating law, not for proselytizing.

It took a federal judge to remind that chamber's 100 members that their duties do not include advancing one religion over another.

On Nov. 30, U.S. District Judge David F. Hamilton ruled that in 2005, the Indiana House had opened its sessions with prayers devoted almost exclusively to Christianity. The judge's 60-page opinion was based on federal court precedent that holds state legislatures can include prayer in their proceedings, as long as they are nonsectarian.

Dover Residents, Beware!: You've Unleashed The Wrath Of Robertson

Televangelist Pat Robertson throughout his long career has provided a slew of remarkable and sometimes outrageous commentary. Inflammatory and bizarre meanderings are apart of his shtick.

His latest off-the-wall invective suggests that God is unhappy with Dover, Pa., citizens who voted out some school board members who had approved an anti-evolution policy for the town's schools.

The Kansas School Board: Flat-Earth Society?

Public school students were dealt a serious and troubling blow yesterday when the Kansas Board of Education approved a policy that undermines both church-state separation and the teaching of science.

By a 6-4 vote, the Board adopted highly controversial science standards that will affect the way science is taught in the state's public schools. The new standards promote the Religious Right-fueled myth that Darwin's theory of evolution is controversial among scientists and that there are other valid scientific theories available for students to consider.

Jay Sekulow's Gospel Of Greed

Legal Times reporter Tony Mauro has just written a fascinating and eye-opening piece about Jay Sekulow, TV preacher Pat Robertson's top lawyer.

Sekulow, an increasingly powerful ally of the Bush administration, has led the Religious Right's charge to remake the U.S. Constitution in the far right's image. Through his American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), Sekulow has worked assiduously to erode the wall of separation between church and state and bring religion and government closer together.

Pages

Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Poorly Designed Case: Fallout From The Dover Decision

Fallout continues from U.S District Judge John E. Jones' Dec. 20 ruling striking down the teaching of "intelligent design" in Dover, Pa.

First off, a local newspaper, the York Daily Record, has suggested that some of the former school board members who voted to implement the policy may have lied on the witness stand and may be open to prosecution for perjury.

'Excellerated' Learning: Milwaukee's Voucher Scandal

Friends of public schools and church-state separation have long warned that voucher schemes will spell disaster. The evidence is growing that the prediction is right.

Earlier this year, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel published an investigative series that found alarming deficiencies in many of the religious and other private schools founded to take advantage of the state's voucher program. While some of the well-established private schools are doing a good job, a significant number of the new ones are outrageously inadequate.

Preferential Prayers: Federal Judge Halts Indiana Legislature's Sectarian Invocations

Indiana's House of Representatives is a forum for creating law, not for proselytizing.

It took a federal judge to remind that chamber's 100 members that their duties do not include advancing one religion over another.

On Nov. 30, U.S. District Judge David F. Hamilton ruled that in 2005, the Indiana House had opened its sessions with prayers devoted almost exclusively to Christianity. The judge's 60-page opinion was based on federal court precedent that holds state legislatures can include prayer in their proceedings, as long as they are nonsectarian.

Dover Residents, Beware!: You've Unleashed The Wrath Of Robertson

Televangelist Pat Robertson throughout his long career has provided a slew of remarkable and sometimes outrageous commentary. Inflammatory and bizarre meanderings are apart of his shtick.

His latest off-the-wall invective suggests that God is unhappy with Dover, Pa., citizens who voted out some school board members who had approved an anti-evolution policy for the town's schools.

The Kansas School Board: Flat-Earth Society?

Public school students were dealt a serious and troubling blow yesterday when the Kansas Board of Education approved a policy that undermines both church-state separation and the teaching of science.

By a 6-4 vote, the Board adopted highly controversial science standards that will affect the way science is taught in the state's public schools. The new standards promote the Religious Right-fueled myth that Darwin's theory of evolution is controversial among scientists and that there are other valid scientific theories available for students to consider.

Jay Sekulow's Gospel Of Greed

Legal Times reporter Tony Mauro has just written a fascinating and eye-opening piece about Jay Sekulow, TV preacher Pat Robertson's top lawyer.

Sekulow, an increasingly powerful ally of the Bush administration, has led the Religious Right's charge to remake the U.S. Constitution in the far right's image. Through his American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), Sekulow has worked assiduously to erode the wall of separation between church and state and bring religion and government closer together.

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Press Releases
Church & State
July/August 2017 Church & State

Trump's Voucher Onslaught

Trump And DeVos Push Private School Tax Aid Scheme, But The Details Of Their Plan Remain Vague

May 2017 Church & State

Save Our Schools!

Americans Oppose Trump-DeVos Plans To ‘Voucherize’ Education

March 2017 Church & State

States Of Emergency

Legislation That Threatens Church-State Separation Is Pending In Half The Country

March 2017 Church & State

Bad Choice

Mich. Billionaire Voucher Advocate Betsy DeVos Takes Charge At The U.S. Department Of Education