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Pelphrey v. Cobb County

Challenging by residents of county in Georgia to the practice by two County Commissions of opening meetings with sectarian prayers.

Turner v. Fredericksburg

Challenge by member of Fredericksburg City Council, in Virginia, to Council policy requiring prayer at beginning of meetings to be nonsectarian, on the ground that the policy violated his First Amendment and equal-protection rights.

Cooper v. U.S. Postal Service

The U.S. Postal Service regularly contracts with private entities to operate postal units in areas where it is not economically feasible to run a traditional post office. In Manchester, Connecticut, the Postal Service contracted for operation of a post office by the Full Gospel Interdenominational Church. The Full Gospel postal unit included numerous religious displays, religious pamphlets and flyers, a missionary coin-donation jar, a stack of prayer cards, and a television displaying Church-related religious videos.  Read more

University of the Cumberlands v. Pennybacker

Challenge to $10 million appropriation by the Kentucky General Assembly for construction of a pharmacy-school building on the campus of the religious institution University of the Cumberlands.

Salazar v. Buono

In 1934, members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars put a Latin cross atop a roadside rocky outcropping on federal land in the Mojave National Preserve. That cross and several replacements were destroyed; each time, a private party replaced it. In 1999, the National Park Service refused a request to place a Buddhist stupa near the cross. After the ACLU threatened litigation and the Park Service decided to remove the cross, Congress prohibited use of federal funds to remove the cross.  Read more

Christian Legal Society v. Martinez

The Christian Legal Society challenged the University of California Hastings College of Law’s nondiscrimination policy, which prohibits official recognition of student organizations that discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, ancestry, disability, age, sex, or sexual orientation. CLS sought Hastings’s official recognition, which would have allowed the group to receive school funding and to use the school’s name and facilities. Read more

Croft v. Perry

In 2003, the Texas legislature amended the Texas Education Code, taking a previously optional moment of silence and making it mandatory. The legislature also changed the designated list of options: previously a student could "reflect or meditate"; after the amendment, students could "reflect, pray, meditate, or engage in any other silent activity that is not likely to interfere with or distract another student." Read more

Summers v. Adams

Challenge to South Carolina legislation creating a Christian-themed state license plate, bearing a large cross superimposed on a stained-glass window and the words “I Believe.”