In 1952, the City of San Diego authorized the Mt. Soledad Memorial Association to build a 43-foot-tall Latin cross on top of Mt. Soledad in La Jolla, California. In 1989, two Vietnam veterans from San Diego sued the City in federal court, claiming that the display of the cross on City property violated the United States and California constitutions. In 1991, the trial court ruled that the cross violated the California Constitution and ordered that the cross be removed from City property; the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the decision.
Opposition to Colorado Christian University's challenge to state officials' conclusion that the pervasively religious nature of the university rendered it ineligible under the Colorado Constitution to participate in a student financial-aid program.
Challenge to federal grants provided to the Northwest Marriage Institute, a faith-based organization in Vancouver, Washington, that provided Bible-based marriage counseling.
Challenge to InnerChange Freedom Initiative, a publicly supported, pervasively religious program for inmates in an Iowa prison.
Challenge to federal AmeriCorps program that provides monetary awards to progam participants who teach at parochial schools, where they often teach religion classes and lead students in prayer.
Challenge to a Colorado voucher program requiring school districts to make available to parents of under-performing students tuition payments to private schools, including religious schools.
Opposition to a challenge by a Vermont town to the state's refusal to authorize the town to make tuition payments for students to attend a local Catholic school.
Opposition to parents' challenge to Maine program that allowed towns without their own public schools to pay tuition for students to attend nonreligious private schools or neighboring public schools, but not parochial schools.
Challenge to South Carolina legislation creating a Christian-themed state license plate, bearing a large cross superimposed on a stained-glass window and the words “I Believe.”
Challenge to eight-foot-tall monument with the Ten Commandments engraved on one side that was erected on the Haskell County courthouse lawn in Stigler, Oklahoma.