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Americans United opposes private school vouchers because they are a threat to public education and religious freedom.

Vouchers—whether disguised as a scholarship, tuition tax credit or an education savings account—primarily fund religious schools. This violates the fundamental principle that taxpayer funds should never pay for religious education.

In addition, vouchers don’t work: they don’t improve educational outcomes, they lack accountability and oversight, and they fund schools that discriminate. They don’t give parents a “choice,” but instead allow private schools to pick and choose students. And, at the same time, they divert public dollars from public schools.


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Types of Vouchers

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Types of Vouchers


A Voucher By Any Other Name… Across the country lawmakers are introducing private school voucher bills that are disguised as something else. Although they may call them scholarships, tuition tax credits, education savings accounts, or portability provisions, these proposals are all really just private school voucher schemes. They all undermine public schools and divert money away from public schools to help private and religious schools.

  • Vouchers

A voucher (sometimes called a “scholarship”) is a handout of taxpayer dollars for private school tuition: The government writes a check sending taxpayer money to a private school.  

  • Tuition Tax Credits (TTCs)

TTCs are backdoor vouchers.  Under this scheme, individuals or corporations receive a tax credit in exchange for giving money to an intermediary organization, often called a “scholarship organization.” Then, the “scholarship organization” writes a check for tuition at a private school. In short, rather than collecting taxes and then giving a portion to a private school (a voucher), the government forgoes those tax dollars so long as they go to a private school (a TTC). The end is the same—money funneled to private schools and away from public schools.

  • Education Savings Accounts or Empowerment Scholarship Accounts (ESAs)

ESAs, like TTCs, are backdoor vouchers. Under the typical ESA proposal, when parents decide to send their children to private schools, withdrawing from public school, the state writes a check from the money allocated for educating those children in public school to an “education savings account.” Parents then use that taxpayer money to pay for private school tuition and thus taxpayer funds “follow the child” even when the child is not attending public school.

  • Title I Portability

Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is designed to provide extra funding to public schools serving students in areas with high concentrations of poverty. Title I “portability” are proposals to dismantle the existing program and turn it into a private school voucher: the money to help these public schools would instead “follow the child” to private schools. Some schemes would—initially—“follow the child” only to public schools, but even those programs would dilute the power of the funds and reduce their effectiveness. 

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State Legislation


Americans United has been fighting state legislation that would create or expand private school voucher and voucher-like programs for decades. Each year we oppose dozens of bills that would create vouchers, education savings accounts and tuition tax credits.


Federal Legislation
 

Americans United is a leader in the fight against federally funded private school voucher programs and serves as a co-chair of the National Coalition for Public Education (NCPE). NCPE is a coalition of more than 50 national organizations that support public schools and oppose private school vouchers. The coalition believes that public funds should go to public schools.

We have successfully fought nearly every attempt by Congress to create voucher programs. For example, in 2015, when Congress reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which is the law that governs the federally funded programs for K-12 education, we fought off several provisions that would have created federal voucher and voucher-like programs.

Nonetheless, over a decade ago, Congress forced the creation of a voucher program for the District of Columbia, which is the only federally funded voucher program in the country. Congress has continued to reauthorize it despite its clear failures—including four U.S. Department of Education studies showing that it does not improve academic achievement. We will continue to fight this program and point out its shortfalls.

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Litigation

 

Duncan v. Nevada

Nevada’s voucher program is the most extensive in the country, authorizing any child who has attended a Nevada public school for 100 days to receive a voucher that is worth approximately $5,000 and that is drawn from the state’s public-school account. Once their child has a voucher, parents can then use voucher funding to purchase religious education at religious private schools. Americans United, along with allied organizations, filed suit on behalf of several Nevada taxpayers who objected to this use of their tax money. We challenged the voucher law under the Nevada Constitution, which forbids using public money for a sectarian purpose.

 

Larue v. Douglas County School District

The Douglas County voucher program authorized 500 students to use state, per-pupil education funds, which had been earmarked for the public-school system, as vouchers to attend private religious schools. In 2011, Americans United filed a lawsuit on behalf of Colorado taxpayers to challenge the voucher program. In June 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled in our favor, holding that the program violates a provision of the Colorado Constitution that forbids using taxpayer funds to finance religious schools.

 

McCall v. Scott

Although the Florida Supreme Court struck down the state’s school-voucher program in 2006, the Florida legislature has also enacted a tax-credit program that accomplishes essentially the same ends: use public dollars to finance education at religious private schools. In 2014, Americans United filed suit against the tax-credit program, arguing that it violates provisions of the Florida constitution pertaining to public education and the funding of religion.

 

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All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Faith-Based Fiasco: Department Of Justice Backs Bias

In 2003, more than a dozen workers at the Salvation Army in New York City filed a lawsuit against the group's new practice of discriminating on the basis of religion. As in many civil rights cases, attorneys with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) civil rights division joined the case. Oddly enough, they joined in support of the Salvation Army instead of the employees accusing the group of discrimination.

N.Y. Assembly Speaker Reject Parochial School Bailout

After a Tuesday meeting with Cardinal John Egan, New York State Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver declared that a tax credit subsidizing Catholic school tuition "is not something they would consider" reported the Ithaca Journal.

The cardinal had been working to drum up support for the special tax credit in the hopes of adding $460 million to the coffers of his private school system. In his lobbying, Egan appealed to the fact that 42 Catholic schools are slated to close in June.

State-Sponsored Prayer Encouraged In Virginia

Not satisfied with promoting religion in their personal lives, members of the Virginia legislature have passed a law designating a period of "meditation" before any official governmental body can be called to order. Official declarations of "meditation" time or a "moment of silence" are usually an underhanded attempt at establishing publicly sponsored prayer. The author of this legislation is not so subtle as all that.

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When a high-profile politician and governor of the nation's largest state offers a ringing endorsement of church-state separation, it is well worth applauding. Especially in current conditions, where a media-fueled conventional wisdom holds that politicians can only succeed by pandering to the Religious Right.

During an interview with ABC's George Stephanopoulos, California's Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger acknowledged his Catholic beliefs, but said they would not and should not control his political actions.

Virginia's Religious Freedom Survives Legislative Attack

An attempt to rewrite Virginia's religious freedom provisions - words crafted by Thomas Jefferson and honed by James Madison and George Mason - has failed.

The Senate Courts of Justice Committee voted 10 to 5 Monday to reject a proposed constitutional amendment that would have opened the door to state-sanctioned prayer in public schools and other institutions.

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The former deputy director of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives has unleashed a stinging attack on the White House, asserting that President George W. Bush and his fellow Republicans were not serious about helping the poor through their much-vaunted "faith-based" initiative.

David Kuo, who worked in the faith-based office until December of 2003, blasted both Democrats and Republicans for blocking the scheme in a personal column that ran on www.beliefnet.com yesterday.

Focus On Politics: IRS Asked To Review Dobson Electioneering

James Dobson of Focus on the Family isn't shy about his increasing involvement in politics. During the 2004 campaign, the Religious Right leader traveled the country, rallying evangelical voters on behalf of favored candidates and issues. He is widely credited with helping to defeat former Sen. Tom Daschle in South Dakota. Since then, Dobson has given several media interviews about his political activities.

Pages

Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Faith-Based Fiasco: Department Of Justice Backs Bias

In 2003, more than a dozen workers at the Salvation Army in New York City filed a lawsuit against the group's new practice of discriminating on the basis of religion. As in many civil rights cases, attorneys with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) civil rights division joined the case. Oddly enough, they joined in support of the Salvation Army instead of the employees accusing the group of discrimination.

N.Y. Assembly Speaker Reject Parochial School Bailout

After a Tuesday meeting with Cardinal John Egan, New York State Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver declared that a tax credit subsidizing Catholic school tuition "is not something they would consider" reported the Ithaca Journal.

The cardinal had been working to drum up support for the special tax credit in the hopes of adding $460 million to the coffers of his private school system. In his lobbying, Egan appealed to the fact that 42 Catholic schools are slated to close in June.

State-Sponsored Prayer Encouraged In Virginia

Not satisfied with promoting religion in their personal lives, members of the Virginia legislature have passed a law designating a period of "meditation" before any official governmental body can be called to order. Official declarations of "meditation" time or a "moment of silence" are usually an underhanded attempt at establishing publicly sponsored prayer. The author of this legislation is not so subtle as all that.

Schwarzenegger Pumps Church-State Separation

When a high-profile politician and governor of the nation's largest state offers a ringing endorsement of church-state separation, it is well worth applauding. Especially in current conditions, where a media-fueled conventional wisdom holds that politicians can only succeed by pandering to the Religious Right.

During an interview with ABC's George Stephanopoulos, California's Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger acknowledged his Catholic beliefs, but said they would not and should not control his political actions.

Virginia's Religious Freedom Survives Legislative Attack

An attempt to rewrite Virginia's religious freedom provisions - words crafted by Thomas Jefferson and honed by James Madison and George Mason - has failed.

The Senate Courts of Justice Committee voted 10 to 5 Monday to reject a proposed constitutional amendment that would have opened the door to state-sanctioned prayer in public schools and other institutions.

'Faith-Based' Flim-Flam: Initiative Didn't Have A Prayer, Says Former White House Aide

The former deputy director of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives has unleashed a stinging attack on the White House, asserting that President George W. Bush and his fellow Republicans were not serious about helping the poor through their much-vaunted "faith-based" initiative.

David Kuo, who worked in the faith-based office until December of 2003, blasted both Democrats and Republicans for blocking the scheme in a personal column that ran on www.beliefnet.com yesterday.

Focus On Politics: IRS Asked To Review Dobson Electioneering

James Dobson of Focus on the Family isn't shy about his increasing involvement in politics. During the 2004 campaign, the Religious Right leader traveled the country, rallying evangelical voters on behalf of favored candidates and issues. He is widely credited with helping to defeat former Sen. Tom Daschle in South Dakota. Since then, Dobson has given several media interviews about his political activities.

Pages

Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Faith-Based Fiasco: Department Of Justice Backs Bias

In 2003, more than a dozen workers at the Salvation Army in New York City filed a lawsuit against the group's new practice of discriminating on the basis of religion. As in many civil rights cases, attorneys with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) civil rights division joined the case. Oddly enough, they joined in support of the Salvation Army instead of the employees accusing the group of discrimination.

N.Y. Assembly Speaker Reject Parochial School Bailout

After a Tuesday meeting with Cardinal John Egan, New York State Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver declared that a tax credit subsidizing Catholic school tuition "is not something they would consider" reported the Ithaca Journal.

The cardinal had been working to drum up support for the special tax credit in the hopes of adding $460 million to the coffers of his private school system. In his lobbying, Egan appealed to the fact that 42 Catholic schools are slated to close in June.

State-Sponsored Prayer Encouraged In Virginia

Not satisfied with promoting religion in their personal lives, members of the Virginia legislature have passed a law designating a period of "meditation" before any official governmental body can be called to order. Official declarations of "meditation" time or a "moment of silence" are usually an underhanded attempt at establishing publicly sponsored prayer. The author of this legislation is not so subtle as all that.

Schwarzenegger Pumps Church-State Separation

When a high-profile politician and governor of the nation's largest state offers a ringing endorsement of church-state separation, it is well worth applauding. Especially in current conditions, where a media-fueled conventional wisdom holds that politicians can only succeed by pandering to the Religious Right.

During an interview with ABC's George Stephanopoulos, California's Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger acknowledged his Catholic beliefs, but said they would not and should not control his political actions.

Virginia's Religious Freedom Survives Legislative Attack

An attempt to rewrite Virginia's religious freedom provisions - words crafted by Thomas Jefferson and honed by James Madison and George Mason - has failed.

The Senate Courts of Justice Committee voted 10 to 5 Monday to reject a proposed constitutional amendment that would have opened the door to state-sanctioned prayer in public schools and other institutions.

'Faith-Based' Flim-Flam: Initiative Didn't Have A Prayer, Says Former White House Aide

The former deputy director of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives has unleashed a stinging attack on the White House, asserting that President George W. Bush and his fellow Republicans were not serious about helping the poor through their much-vaunted "faith-based" initiative.

David Kuo, who worked in the faith-based office until December of 2003, blasted both Democrats and Republicans for blocking the scheme in a personal column that ran on www.beliefnet.com yesterday.

Focus On Politics: IRS Asked To Review Dobson Electioneering

James Dobson of Focus on the Family isn't shy about his increasing involvement in politics. During the 2004 campaign, the Religious Right leader traveled the country, rallying evangelical voters on behalf of favored candidates and issues. He is widely credited with helping to defeat former Sen. Tom Daschle in South Dakota. Since then, Dobson has given several media interviews about his political activities.

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Church & State
May 2017 Church & State

Save Our Schools!

Americans Oppose Trump-DeVos Plans To ‘Voucherize’ Education

March 2017 Church & State

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Legislation That Threatens Church-State Separation Is Pending In Half The Country

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Mich. Billionaire Voucher Advocate Betsy DeVos Takes Charge At The U.S. Department Of Education