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Americans United opposes private school vouchers because they are a threat to public education and religious freedom.

Vouchers—whether disguised as a scholarship, tuition tax credit or an education savings account—primarily fund religious schools. This violates the fundamental principle that taxpayer funds should never pay for religious education.

In addition, vouchers don’t work: they don’t improve educational outcomes, they lack accountability and oversight, and they fund schools that discriminate. They don’t give parents a “choice,” but instead allow private schools to pick and choose students. And, at the same time, they divert public dollars from public schools.


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Types of Vouchers

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Types of Vouchers


A Voucher By Any Other Name… Across the country lawmakers are introducing private school voucher bills that are disguised as something else. Although they may call them scholarships, tuition tax credits, education savings accounts, or portability provisions, these proposals are all really just private school voucher schemes. They all undermine public schools and divert money away from public schools to help private and religious schools.

  • Vouchers

A voucher (sometimes called a “scholarship”) is a handout of taxpayer dollars for private school tuition: The government writes a check sending taxpayer money to a private school.  

  • Tuition Tax Credits (TTCs)

TTCs are backdoor vouchers.  Under this scheme, individuals or corporations receive a tax credit in exchange for giving money to an intermediary organization, often called a “scholarship organization.” Then, the “scholarship organization” writes a check for tuition at a private school. In short, rather than collecting taxes and then giving a portion to a private school (a voucher), the government forgoes those tax dollars so long as they go to a private school (a TTC). The end is the same—money funneled to private schools and away from public schools.

  • Education Savings Accounts or Empowerment Scholarship Accounts (ESAs)

ESAs, like TTCs, are backdoor vouchers. Under the typical ESA proposal, when parents decide to send their children to private schools, withdrawing from public school, the state writes a check from the money allocated for educating those children in public school to an “education savings account.” Parents then use that taxpayer money to pay for private school tuition and thus taxpayer funds “follow the child” even when the child is not attending public school.

  • Title I Portability

Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is designed to provide extra funding to public schools serving students in areas with high concentrations of poverty. Title I “portability” are proposals to dismantle the existing program and turn it into a private school voucher: the money to help these public schools would instead “follow the child” to private schools. Some schemes would—initially—“follow the child” only to public schools, but even those programs would dilute the power of the funds and reduce their effectiveness. 

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State Legislation


Americans United has been fighting state legislation that would create or expand private school voucher and voucher-like programs for decades. Each year we oppose dozens of bills that would create vouchers, education savings accounts and tuition tax credits.


Federal Legislation
 

Americans United is a leader in the fight against federally funded private school voucher programs and serves as a co-chair of the National Coalition for Public Education (NCPE). NCPE is a coalition of more than 50 national organizations that support public schools and oppose private school vouchers. The coalition believes that public funds should go to public schools.

We have successfully fought nearly every attempt by Congress to create voucher programs. For example, in 2015, when Congress reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which is the law that governs the federally funded programs for K-12 education, we fought off several provisions that would have created federal voucher and voucher-like programs.

Nonetheless, over a decade ago, Congress forced the creation of a voucher program for the District of Columbia, which is the only federally funded voucher program in the country. Congress has continued to reauthorize it despite its clear failures—including four U.S. Department of Education studies showing that it does not improve academic achievement. We will continue to fight this program and point out its shortfalls.

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Litigation

 

Duncan v. Nevada

Nevada’s voucher program is the most extensive in the country, authorizing any child who has attended a Nevada public school for 100 days to receive a voucher that is worth approximately $5,000 and that is drawn from the state’s public-school account. Once their child has a voucher, parents can then use voucher funding to purchase religious education at religious private schools. Americans United, along with allied organizations, filed suit on behalf of several Nevada taxpayers who objected to this use of their tax money. We challenged the voucher law under the Nevada Constitution, which forbids using public money for a sectarian purpose.

 

Larue v. Douglas County School District

The Douglas County voucher program authorized 500 students to use state, per-pupil education funds, which had been earmarked for the public-school system, as vouchers to attend private religious schools. In 2011, Americans United filed a lawsuit on behalf of Colorado taxpayers to challenge the voucher program. In June 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled in our favor, holding that the program violates a provision of the Colorado Constitution that forbids using taxpayer funds to finance religious schools.

 

McCall v. Scott

Although the Florida Supreme Court struck down the state’s school-voucher program in 2006, the Florida legislature has also enacted a tax-credit program that accomplishes essentially the same ends: use public dollars to finance education at religious private schools. In 2014, Americans United filed suit against the tax-credit program, arguing that it violates provisions of the Florida constitution pertaining to public education and the funding of religion.

 

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All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

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That's just what he did yesterday on his "700 Club" broadcast.

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Pages

Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Pat's Pique: Robertson v. AU's Feisty Ferrets

TV preacher Pat Robertson simply can't help himself. When given the opportunity to discuss any issue involving the separation of church and state, he inevitably lobs falsehoods and personal attacks at his opponents. Instead of reasoned debate, Pat would rather assail the other side with ad hominem attacks and outright lies.

That's just what he did yesterday on his "700 Club" broadcast.

First The 10 C's, Now The Whole Bible?

Defenders of church-state separation hoped that the court defeat of Judge Roy Moore's 5,280-pound Ten Commandments monument would discourage others from following the same unconstitutional course. Now it seems that instead of just wanting to display the Commandments, some Religious Right activists are agitating for the entire Christian Bible.

S.C. Officials Defend Christians-Only Prayer

Darla Kayne Wynne, a South Carolina Wiccan, sued Great Falls town officials for opening their meetings with only Christian prayers, and she has won at every level of the courts. Government, the judges held, can't favor one faith over others.

After last month's victory before a three-judge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit of Appeals, Wynne went home thinking the case was over. A unanimous ruling from the usually conservative court all but ensures that the decision will stand.

Suffer The Little Children: Focus On The Family And 'Hot Saucing'

Focus on the Family founder James C. Dobson is controversial in part for his endorsement of spanking. The Religious Right leader's book Dare to Discipline endorsed corporal punishment at a time when many child-rearing experts were recommending other discipline techniques that did not rely on the infliction of physical pain.

Apparently, some Dobson acolytes have now concluded that a smack on the behind or striking a kid with a paddle is not punishment enough and have sought out more creative ways to inflict pain on recalcitrant youngsters. Enter "hot saucing."

Kansas Devolves, Again

The last time Kansas updated its science curriculum standards, we all know what happened. Religious Right-oriented members of the Kansas Board of Education tried to eliminate virtually every reference to evolutionary biology from the K-12 curriculum.

National and international outrage brought shame on the whole state. In the next election, the far-right members were swept out of office and replaced by moderates eager to restore science to science classrooms.

Pages

Most Recent Blog Posts
All the most recent posts from AU's Wall of Separation Blog & The Protect Thy Neighbor Blog

Pat's Pique: Robertson v. AU's Feisty Ferrets

TV preacher Pat Robertson simply can't help himself. When given the opportunity to discuss any issue involving the separation of church and state, he inevitably lobs falsehoods and personal attacks at his opponents. Instead of reasoned debate, Pat would rather assail the other side with ad hominem attacks and outright lies.

That's just what he did yesterday on his "700 Club" broadcast.

First The 10 C's, Now The Whole Bible?

Defenders of church-state separation hoped that the court defeat of Judge Roy Moore's 5,280-pound Ten Commandments monument would discourage others from following the same unconstitutional course. Now it seems that instead of just wanting to display the Commandments, some Religious Right activists are agitating for the entire Christian Bible.

S.C. Officials Defend Christians-Only Prayer

Darla Kayne Wynne, a South Carolina Wiccan, sued Great Falls town officials for opening their meetings with only Christian prayers, and she has won at every level of the courts. Government, the judges held, can't favor one faith over others.

After last month's victory before a three-judge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit of Appeals, Wynne went home thinking the case was over. A unanimous ruling from the usually conservative court all but ensures that the decision will stand.

Suffer The Little Children: Focus On The Family And 'Hot Saucing'

Focus on the Family founder James C. Dobson is controversial in part for his endorsement of spanking. The Religious Right leader's book Dare to Discipline endorsed corporal punishment at a time when many child-rearing experts were recommending other discipline techniques that did not rely on the infliction of physical pain.

Apparently, some Dobson acolytes have now concluded that a smack on the behind or striking a kid with a paddle is not punishment enough and have sought out more creative ways to inflict pain on recalcitrant youngsters. Enter "hot saucing."

Kansas Devolves, Again

The last time Kansas updated its science curriculum standards, we all know what happened. Religious Right-oriented members of the Kansas Board of Education tried to eliminate virtually every reference to evolutionary biology from the K-12 curriculum.

National and international outrage brought shame on the whole state. In the next election, the far-right members were swept out of office and replaced by moderates eager to restore science to science classrooms.

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