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Medina v. Catholic Health Initiatives

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act regulates employee-benefit plans to protect the interests of employees who participate in the plans. To avoid undue governmental intrusion in church affairs, the Act provides an exemption for plans established by churches. Some non-church entities have begun to claim this exemption.

Bishop v. Smith

In November 2004, Oklahoma amended its state constitution to limit the state’s recognition of marriage to heterosexual marriage and making it a crime to issue a marriage license to a same-sex couple. The amendment was supported with religious arguments and appeals to scripture. In response, two lesbian couples sued to invalidate the amendment.

After nearly a decade of litigation, the federal trial court held that Oklahoma’s marriage ban is unconstitutional. The state appealed that decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.

Colorado Christian University v. Baker

Opposition to Colorado Christian University's challenge to state officials' conclusion that the pervasively religious nature of the university rendered it ineligible under the Colorado Constitution to participate in a student financial-aid program.

Green v. Board of County Commissioners

Challenge to eight-foot-tall monument with the Ten Commandments engraved on one side that was erected on the Haskell County courthouse lawn in Stigler, Oklahoma.

American Atheists, Inc. v. Duncan

Challenge to Utah policy of allowing the Utah Highway Patrol Association to erect twelve-foot-tall Latin crosses on state-owned land to memorialize and honor state troopers who have died in the line of duty.